Fuel for Cooking : Mainly combustion of straw in stoves. In certain regions, straw is briquetted to produced fuel briquettes. Compared to other agricultural residues such as cotton stalks or rice husks, straw produces more smoke and is therefore less desired as fuel for cooking.
Building Materials : Straw is combined with mud to produce simple building blocks. In addition, straw is used for thatching of roofs. Animal Production : Straw use in animal bedding. Rice straw and wheat straw are used in animal feed. Rice straw is a very low quality roughage feed.
Composting : In combination with other agricultural residues including animal manure, straw is composted and returned to the field .
Incorporation : Straw is returned to the field, usually by tillage. Incorporation of large amounts of fresh straw is either labor-intensive or requires suitable machinery for land preparation and may result in the build-up of disease problems.